Coenzyme Q10 is the spark plug that ignites the body’s engine by jump starting energy production within all cells. The body then uses that cellular energy to fuel vital biological processes. CoQ10 is present in every cell of your body and it is essential for sustaining a wide range of healthy biological functions.
One of CoQ10’s pivotal roles in the body is energy metabolism. The major part of cellular ATP (energy) production happens within the inner membrane of the mitochondria, the powerhouse of the cell. CoQ10 is a critical component of the electron transfer chain in mitochondrial respiration. Due to the vital role it plays in the production of cellular energy, small changes in CoQ10 levels within the mitochondria have been shown to have significant effects on the rate of cellular respiration. Thus, a lack of CoQ10 may lead to declining energy levels and decreased stamina.
CoQ10 in the Ubiquinol form plays a key role as an antioxidant by neutralizing free radicals and preventing oxidative damage to the body’s cells, proteins, lipids and DNA. CoQ10 can also regenerate the active forms of vitamin E and vitamin C, some of the most powerful water-soluble antioxidants.
Coenzyme Q10 is a valuable nutrient present everywhere in the organic world, among a variety of plant species, animals, and micro-organisms. The most remarkable characteristic of Coenzyme Q10 in terms of the human body lies in its indispensability in the production of energy. Coenzyme Q10 exists in components within the cell membrane such as mitochondria and lysosomes. Coenzyme Q10 was first referred to as “vitamin Q”, due to its vitamin-like functions.
Coenzyme Q10 is internally biosynthesized through the mevalonate pathway, the bio synthetic pathway of intrinsic cholesterol and exists in the heart, kidneys, liver, muscles, pancreas, and thyroid in high concentrations. Coenzyme Q10 is an important factor in the process of electron transfer at the heart of the aerobic energy-supply process and exerts a great influence on the production of ATP. It has been reported that the supply of Coenzyme Q10 activates the production of ATP. This is considered to be due to the activation of the electron transfer process through an increase in the amount of Coenzyme Q10 in the body. It has also been reported that the body does not produce a sufficient amount of Coenzyme Q10 for all necessary electron transfer processes. This supports the theory that Coenzyme Q10 activates ATP production.